Papa John's Announces Second Quarter 2017 Results And Increased Share Repurchase Authorization

LOUISVILLE, Ky. - August 1, 2017 - (BUSINESS WIRE) - Papa John's International, Inc. (NASDAQ: PZZA) today announced financial results for the three and six months ended June 25, 2017.


  • Second quarter earnings per diluted share of $0.65 in 2017 compared to $0.61 in the second quarter of 2016, an increase of 6.6%
  • System-wide comparable sales increases of 1.4% for North America and 3.9% for international
  • Plan announced to return additional capital to shareholders through $500 million increase in share repurchase authorization
  • In conjunction with increase to share repurchase authorization, leverage planned to be increased to 3.0x - 4.0x EBITDA over the next 12-18 months

"The Company delivered solid results in the second quarter, including the 27th consecutive quarter of positive North America comparable sales and the 29th consecutive quarter of positive International comparable sales," said Papa John's founder, chairman, and CEO John Schnatter. "Our industry-leading quality and digital platforms, such as our launch of Facebook instant ordering, will continue to drive the consistent growth of the Papa John's brand globally. The increase in our share repurchase authorization aligns with the continued confidence we have in our business."


Operating Highlights


(In thousands except per share amounts)


        Three Months Ended     Six Months Ended

June 25,


June 26,




June 25,


June 26,



Total revenue       $ 434,778     $ 422,964     2.8 %     $ 884,044     $ 851,559     3.8 %
Operating income         37,217       36,831     1.0 %       80,898       79,729     1.5 %
Net income         23,538       22,541     4.4 %       51,966     $ 48,723     6.7 %
Diluted EPS       $ 0.65     $ 0.61     6.6 %     $ 1.42     $ 1.29     10.1 %

All operating highlights are compared to the same period of the prior year, unless otherwise noted.

Consolidated revenues increased $11.8 million, or 2.8%, for the second quarter of 2017 and increased $32.5 million, or 3.8%, for the six months ended June 25, 2017. These increases were primarily due to increased North America commissary sales due to higher volumes and higher commodity costs. The increased revenues from higher comparable sales for North America and International were somewhat offset by the impact of unfavorable foreign exchange rates and the impact of refranchising 42 domestic restaurants in the fourth quarter of 2016. The unfavorable impact of foreign currency exchange rates was approximately $2.5 million and $5.6 million for the three and six month periods, respectively, which was primarily attributable to our operations in the United Kingdom.

On higher revenues, consolidated operating income increased $400,000, or 1.0%, for the second quarter of 2017.

Operating income as a percentage of consolidated revenues decreased 0.1% to 8.6% for the second quarter.

Significant changes in the operating income percentage are as follows:

  • North America commissary and other margin, as a percentage of related revenues, decreased 0.7% due primarily to start-up costs related to our new domestic commissary in Georgia.
  • International margin, as a percentage of international revenues, decreased 2.0% primarily due to lower operating margins at our United Kingdom commissary from higher commodity costs.
  • These decreases were somewhat offset by lower general and administrative costs, as a percentage of consolidated revenues, of 0.4% primarily due to higher revenues and lower management incentive costs.

On higher revenues, consolidated operating income increased $1.2 million, or 1.5%, for the six months ended June 25, 2017. Operating income as a percentage of consolidated revenues decreased 0.2% to 9.2% for the six month period. This decrease was primarily attributable to the same reasons noted for the three-month period. Additionally, the Domestic Company-owned restaurants margin, as a percentage of restaurant sales, decreased 0.8% primarily due to increased delivery costs from higher non-owned automobile insurance claims costs and higher mileage reimbursement costs.

The effective income tax rates were 29.5% and 29.0% for the three and six months ended June 25, 2017, respectively, representing decreases of 2.0% and 2.9% from the prior year comparable periods. These decreases were primarily due to adopting new guidance for accounting for share-based compensation in 2017. This guidance requires excess tax benefits recognized on stock based awards to be recorded as a reduction of income tax expense rather than stockholders' equity. The impact of this adoption decreased our effective tax rate by 1.1% and 2.2% for the three and six month periods, respectively.

Diluted earnings per share increased 6.6% to $0.65 for the second quarter of 2017 and increased 10.1% to $1.42 for the six months ended June 25, 2017. These increases were primarily due to an increase in net income attributable to common shareholders and a decrease in shares outstanding from share repurchases. Diluted earnings per share was also favorably impacted by approximately $0.01 and $0.04 for the three and six month periods, respectively, due to the adoption of the new guidance for accounting for share-based compensation. Excluding the impact of this adoption, diluted earnings per share would have increased 4.9% and 7.0% for the three and six month periods, respectively.


Global Restaurant and Comparable Sales Information

        Three Months Ended     Six Months Ended

June 25,


June 26,


June 25,


June 26,

Global restaurant sales growth (a)       4.1 %     5.9 %     4.5 %     4.0 %

Global restaurant sales growth, excluding the impact of foreign currency (a)

      5.1 %     7.7 %     5.3 %     5.8 %
Comparable sales growth (b)                          
Domestic company-owned restaurants       2.3 %     5.6 %     2.7 %     3.2 %
North America franchised restaurants       1.1 %     4.5 %     1.4 %     2.1 %
System-wide North America restaurants       1.4 %     4.8 %     1.7 %     2.4 %
System-wide international restaurants       3.9 %     5.3 %     4.9 %     5.5 %

(a) Includes both company-owned and franchised restaurant sales.

(b) Represents the change in year-over-year sales for the same base of restaurants for the same fiscal periods. Comparable sales results for restaurants operating outside of the United States are reported on a constant dollar basis, which excludes the impact of foreign currency translation.

We believe global restaurant and comparable sales growth information, as defined in the table above, is useful in analyzing our results since our franchisees pay royalties that are based on a percentage of franchise sales. Franchise sales generate commissary revenue in the United States and in certain international markets. Global restaurant and comparable sales growth information is also useful in analyzing industry trends and the strength of our brand. Management believes the presentation of global restaurant sales growth excluding the impact of foreign currency provides investors with useful information regarding underlying sales trends by presenting sales growth excluding the external factor of foreign currency exchange. Franchise restaurant sales are not included in company revenues.

Free Cash Flow

The company's free cash flow, a non-GAAP financial measure, was as follows for the first six months of 2017 and 2016 (in thousands):

        Six Months Ended
        June 25,     June 26
        2017     2016
Net cash provided by operating activities (a)       $ 77,863       $ 79,613  
Purchases of property and equipment (b)         (30,457 )       (24,001 )
Free cash flow       $ 47,406       $ 55,612  

(a) The decrease of $1.8 million was primarily due to changes in working capital amounts.

(b) The increase of $6.5 million was primarily due to construction costs for our new domestic commissary in Georgia, which opened in July 2017.

We define free cash flow as net cash provided by operating activities (from the consolidated statements of cash flows) less the amounts spent on the purchase of property and equipment. We view free cash flow as an important liquidity measure because it is one factor that management uses in determining the amount of cash available for investment, however it does not represent residual cash flows available for discretionary expenditures. Free cash flow is not a term defined by GAAP, and as a result, our measure of free cash flow might not be comparable to similarly titled measures used by other companies. Free cash flow should not be construed as a substitute for or a better indicator of the company's liquidity than the company's GAAP measures.

See the Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations section of our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) for additional information concerning our operating results and cash flow for the six months ended June 25, 2017.

Global Restaurant Unit Data

At June 25, 2017, there were 5,088 Papa John's restaurants operating in all 50 states and in 44 international countries and territories, as follows:






Total North

    International     System-wide

Second Quarter

Beginning - March 26, 2017       705       2,723       3,428       1,654       5,082  
Opened       -       28       28       49       77  
Closed             (28 )     (28 )     (43 )     (71 )
Ending - June 25, 2017       705       2,723       3,428       1,660       5,088  


Beginning - December 25, 2016       702       2,739       3,441       1,656       5,097  
Opened       2       43       45       87       132  
Closed       -       (58 )     (58 )     (83 )     (141 )
Acquired       1       -       1       -       1  
Sold       -       (1 )     (1 )     -       (1 )
Ending - June 25, 2017       705       2,723       3,428       1,660       5,088  
Unit growth (decline)       3       (16 )     (13 )     4       (9 )
% increase (decrease)       0.4 %     (0.6 %)     (0.4 %)     0.2 %     (0.2 %)

The company has added 153 net worldwide units over the trailing four quarters. Our development pipeline as of June 25, 2017 included approximately 1,100 restaurants (200 units in North America and 900 units internationally), the majority of which are scheduled to open over the next six years.

Share Repurchase Activity and Increased Authorization

The following table reflects our share repurchases for the three and six months ended June 25, 2017 and subsequent repurchases through July 27, 2017 (in thousands):




of Shares

Three months ended June 25, 2017       262     $ 20,892
Six months ended June 25, 2017       421       33,968
June 25, 2017 through July 27, 2017       177     $ 13,158

There were 37.2 million and 37.3 million diluted weighted average shares outstanding for the three and six months ended June 25, 2017, respectively, representing decreases of 0.8% and 1.6% over the prior year comparable periods. Approximately 36.6 million actual shares of the company's common stock were outstanding as of June 25, 2017.

Effective immediately, the Board has authorized a $500 million increase in the Company's share repurchase authorization, which previously had $90.2 million authorization remaining. The Company expects to repurchase the full amount of the increased authorization within approximately 12-18 months of the date of this announcement, and plans to enter into new debt facilities to finance the increased capital return program.

The timing and volume of share repurchases may be executed at the discretion of management on an opportunistic basis, or pursuant to trading plans or other arrangements. Any share repurchase under this program may be made in the open market, in privately negotiated transactions, or otherwise, and may depend upon prevailing market conditions and other factors. The Company expects to implement an accelerated share repurchase program in the second half of 2017 for a portion of the increased share repurchase authorization. Repurchases under the Company's share repurchase program may be commenced or suspended from time to time at the Company's discretion without prior notice.

Cash Dividend

We paid a cash dividend of approximately $7.3 million ($0.20 per common share) during the second quarter of 2017. Subsequent to the second quarter, on July 27, 2017, our Board of Directors approved a 12.5% increase in the company's dividend rate per common share, from $0.80 on an annual basis to $0.90 on an annual basis, and declared a third quarter dividend of $0.225 per common share (approximately $8.2 millionbased on current shareholders of record). The dividend will be paid on August 18, 2017 to shareholders of record as of the close of business on August 7, 2017. The declaration and payment of any future dividends will be at the discretion of our Board of Directors, subject to the company's financial results, cash requirements, and other factors deemed relevant by our Board of Directors.

2017 Outlook

The company provided the following 2017 outlook update and reaffirmed all of our remaining 2017 outlook:

        Updated Outlook     Previous Outlook
Net global new unit growth       3.0% to 4.0%     4.0% to 5.0%

The company is reducing the net unit outlook to reflect the closure of the India market; 33 stores were closed as of the end of the second quarter and the remaining 33 stores closed in the third quarter. We do not expect the closure of these stores to have a significant impact on our 2017 operating results.

The reaffirmation of the earnings outlook excludes the impact of the increased share repurchase authorization discussed above.

Conference Call and Website Information

A conference call is scheduled for August 2, 2017 at 10:00 a.m. Eastern Time to review our second quarter 2017 earnings results. The call can be accessed from the company's web page at in a listen-only mode, or dial 877-312-8816 (U.S. and Canada) or 253-237-1189 (international). The conference call will be available for replay, including by downloadable podcast, from the company's web site at

The Conference ID is 23325429.

Investors and others should note that we announce material financial information to our investors using our investor relations website, press releases, SEC filings and public conference calls and webcasts. We intend to use our investor relations website as a means of disclosing information about our business, our financial condition and results of operations and other matters and for complying with our disclosure obligations under Regulation FD. The information we post on our investor relations website, including information contained in investor presentations, may be deemed material. Accordingly, investors should monitor our investor relations website, in addition to following our press releases, SEC filings and public conference calls and webcasts. We encourage investors and others to sign up for email alerts at our investor relations page under Shareholder Tools at the bottom right side of the page. These email alerts are intended to help investors and others to monitor our investor relations website by notifying them when new information is posted on the site.

Forward-Looking Statements

Certain matters discussed in this press release and other company communications constitute forward-looking statements within the meaning of the federal securities laws. Generally, the use of words such as "expect," "intend," "estimate," "believe," "anticipate," "will," "forecast," "plan," "project," or similar words identify forward-looking statements that we intend to be included within the safe harbor protections provided by the federal securities laws. Such forward-looking statements may relate to projections or guidance concerning business performance, revenue, earnings, cash flow, contingent liabilities, resolution of litigation, commodity costs, profit margins, unit growth, unit level performance, capital expenditures, other financial and operational measures and our plans to increase our existing credit facility or enter into new debt facilities to finance the increased capital return program. Such statements are not guarantees of future performance and involve certain risks, uncertainties and assumptions, which are difficult to predict and many of which are beyond our control. Therefore, actual outcomes and results may differ materially from those matters expressed or implied in such forward-looking statements. The risks, uncertainties and assumptions that are involved in our forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to:

  • aggressive changes in pricing or other marketing or promotional strategies by competitors, which may adversely affect sales and profitability; and new product and concept developments by food industry competitors;
  • changes in consumer preferences or consumer buying habits, including changes in general economic conditions or other factors that may affect consumer confidence and discretionary spending;
  • changes in our liquidity or debt markets in general, which may adversely affect our ability to increase our existing credit facility or enter into a new credit facility on favorable terms;
  • the adverse impact on the company or our results caused by product recalls, food quality or safety issues, incidences of foodborne illness, food contamination and other general public health concerns about our company-owned or franchised restaurants or others in the restaurant industry;
  • failure to maintain our brand strength, quality reputation and consumer enthusiasm for our better ingredients marketing and advertising strategy;
  • the ability of the company and its franchisees to meet planned growth targets and operate new and existing restaurants profitably, including difficulties finding qualified franchisees, store level employees or suitable sites;
  • increases in food costs or sustained higher other operating costs. This could include increased employee compensation, benefits, insurance, tax rates, new regulatory requirements or increasing compliance costs;
  • increases in insurance claims and related costs for programs funded by the company up to certain retention limits, including medical, owned and non-owned automobiles, workers' compensation, general liability and property;
  • disruption of our supply chain or commissary operations which could be caused by our sole source of supply of cheese or limited source of suppliers for other key ingredients or more generally due to weather, natural disasters including drought, disease, or geopolitical or other disruptions beyond our control;
  • increased risks associated with our international operations, including economic and political conditions, instability or uncertainty in our international markets, especially emerging markets, fluctuations in currency exchange rates, difficulty in meeting planned sales targets and new store growth;
  • the impact of current or future claims and litigation, including labor and employment-related claims;
  • current, proposed or future legislation that could impact our business;
  • failure to effectively execute succession planning, and our reliance on the multiple roles of our founder, chairman and chief executive officer, who also serves as our brand spokesperson;
  • disruption of critical business or information technology systems, or those of our suppliers, and risks associated with systems failures and data privacy and security breaches, including theft of confidential company, employee and customer information, including payment cards; and
  • changes in GAAP, including new standards for accounting for share-based compensation that may result in changes to our net income. Based on recent share prices, the impact of the 2017 adoption of this guidance is expected to be favorable throughout 2017.

These and other risk factors are discussed in detail in "Part I. Item 1A. - Risk Factors" in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 25, 2016. We undertake no obligation to update publicly any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of future events, new information or otherwise, except as required by law.

For more information about the company, please visit

Papa John's International, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income
        Three Months Ended     Six Months Ended
        June 25, 2017     June 26, 2016     June 25, 2017     June 26, 2016
(In thousands, except per share amounts)       (Unaudited)     (Unaudited)     (Unaudited)     (Unaudited)
Domestic company-owned restaurant sales       $ 202,756       $ 204,248       $ 409,652       $ 409,927  
North America franchise royalties and fees         26,588         25,302         54,195         51,778  
North America commissary and other sales         175,204         164,954         361,449         333,939  
International         30,230         28,460         58,748         55,915  
Total revenues         434,778         422,964         884,044         851,559  
Costs and expenses:                          

Operating costs (excluding depreciation and amortization shown separately below):

Domestic company-owned restaurant expenses         162,433         163,469         327,852         324,779  
North America commissary and other expenses         162,989         152,258         336,701         309,064  
International expenses         19,482         17,752         37,472         35,342  
General and administrative expenses         42,003         42,623         80,010         82,870  
Depreciation and amortization         10,654         10,031         21,111         19,775  
Total costs and expenses         397,561         386,133         803,146         771,830  
Operating income         37,217         36,831         80,898         79,729  
Net interest expense         (1,759 )       (1,631 )       (3,569 )       (3,120 )
Income before income taxes         35,458         35,200         77,329         76,609  
Income tax expense         10,476         11,088         22,448         24,446  

Net income before attribution to noncontrolling interests

        24,982         24,112         54,881         52,163  
Income attributable to noncontrolling interests         (1,444 )       (1,571 )       (2,915 )       (3,440 )
Net income attributable to the company       $ 23,538       $ 22,541       $ 51,966       $ 48,723  
Calculation of income for earnings per share:                          
Net income attributable to the company       $ 23,538       $ 22,541       $ 51,966       $ 48,723  
Change in noncontrolling interest redemption value         662         279         1,182         499  
Net income attributable to participating securities         (99 )       (91 )       (216 )       (201 )
Net income attributable to common shareholders       $ 24,101       $ 22,729       $ 52,932       $ 49,021  
Basic earnings per common share       $ 0.66       $ 0.61       $ 1.44       $ 1.30  
Diluted earnings per common share       $ 0.65       $ 0.61       $ 1.42       $ 1.29  
Basic weighted average common shares outstanding         36,732         37,203         36,771         37,567  
Diluted weighted average common shares outstanding         37,217         37,507         37,283         37,904  
Dividends declared per common share       $ 0.20       $ 0.175       $ 0.40       $ 0.35  


Papa John's International, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
        June 25,     December 25,
        2017     2016
(In thousands)       (Unaudited)     (Note)
Current assets:              
Cash and cash equivalents       $ 22,247     $ 15,563
Accounts receivable, net         59,882       59,691
Notes receivable, net         3,680       3,417
Income taxes receivable         2,417       2,372
Inventories         24,586       25,132
Prepaid expenses and other current assets         30,505       33,143
Assets held for sale         6,272       6,257
Total current assets         149,589       145,575
Property and equipment, net         234,524       230,473
Notes receivable, less current portion, net         10,709       10,141
Goodwill         85,922       85,529
Deferred income taxes         315       769
Other assets         44,583       40,078
Total assets       $ 525,642     $ 512,565
Liabilities and stockholders' equity              
Current liabilities:              
Accounts payable       $ 38,653     $ 42,701
Income and other taxes payable         9,815       8,540
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities         67,772       76,789
Total current liabilities         116,240       128,030
Deferred revenue         3,060       3,313
Long-term debt, net         305,149       299,820
Deferred income taxes         9,416       10,047
Other long-term liabilities         60,179       53,093
Total liabilities         494,044       494,303
Redeemable noncontrolling interests         8,819       8,461
Total stockholders' equity         22,779       9,801

Total liabilities, redeemable noncontrolling interests and stockholders' equity

      $ 525,642     $ 512,565

Note: The Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets have been derived from the audited consolidated financial statements, but do not include all information and footnotes required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States for a complete set of financial statements.

Papa John's International, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
        Six Months Ended
(In thousands)       June 25, 2017     June 26, 2016
        (Unaudited)     (Unaudited)
Operating activities              
Net income before attribution to noncontrolling interests       $ 54,881       $ 52,163  

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

Provision for uncollectible accounts and notes receivable         (1,091 )       247  
Depreciation and amortization         21,111         19,775  
Deferred income taxes         158         3,786  
Stock-based compensation expense         5,571         4,893  
Other         1,978         1,883  
Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of acquisitions:              
Accounts receivable         (355 )       6,680  
Income taxes receivable         (45 )       4,018  
Inventories         550         (877 )
Prepaid expenses and other current assets         2,594         3,817  
Other assets and liabilities         (1,559 )       (1,724 )
Accounts payable         (3,950 )       (8,654 )
Income and other taxes payable         1,275         3,703  
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities         (3,002 )       (11,425 )
Deferred revenue         (253 )       1,328  
Net cash provided by operating activities         77,863         79,613  
Investing activities              
Purchases of property and equipment         (30,457 )       (24,001 )
Loans issued         (1,476 )       (1,630 )
Repayments of loans issued         2,125         5,382  
Acquisitions, net of cash acquired         (21 )       (11,202 )
Other         25         165  
Net cash used in investing activities         (29,804 )       (31,286 )
Financing activities              
Net proceeds on line of credit facility         5,156         61,375  
Cash dividends paid         (14,703 )       (13,130 )
Tax payments for equity award issuances         (2,282 )       (5,831 )
Proceeds from exercise of stock options         5,218         2,812  
Acquisition of Company common stock         (33,968 )       (96,355 )
Distributions to noncontrolling interest holders         (1,389 )       (3,200 )
Other         494         391  
Net cash used in financing activities         (41,474 )       (53,938 )
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents         99         (129 )
Change in cash and cash equivalents         6,684         (5,740 )
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period         15,563         21,006  
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period       $ 22,247       $ 15,266  

View source version on


Lance Tucker
Papa John's International, Inc.
Chief Financial Officer

SOURCE Papa John's International, Inc.

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