Jack in the Box Inc. Reports Third Quarter FY 2020 Earnings; Reinstates Quarterly Cash Dividend
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Jack in the Box Inc. Reports Third Quarter FY 2020 Earnings; Reinstates Quarterly Cash Dividend

SAN DIEGO - (BUSINESS WIRE) - August 05, 2020 - Jack in the Box Inc. (NASDAQ: JACK) today reported financial results for the third quarter ended July 5, 2020.

Increase in same-store sales:
               

 

 

     

12 Weeks Ended

 

40 Weeks Ended

 

 

     

July 5, 2020

 

July 7, 2019

 

July 5, 2020

 

July 7, 2019

 

Company

     

4.1%

 

2.8%

 

1.2%

 

1.2%

 

Franchise

     

6.9%

 

2.7%

 

1.5%

 

0.8%

 

System

     

6.6%

 

2.7%

 

1.5%

 

0.8%

Jack in the Box® system same-store sales increased 6.6 percent for the quarter. Company same-store sales increased 4.1 percent in the third quarter driven by average check growth of 20.2 percent while transactions decreased 16.1 percent.

Darin Harris, chief executive officer, said, "In my first six weeks as CEO, I have witnessed the nimbleness and passion within this brand. I am proud of the way our franchisees, the teams in our restaurants, our employees, and our partners have responded swiftly to the changing occasions of our consumers amidst the pandemic. Our strong performance in the third quarter is a testament to this agile approach. Our focus on value combined with indulgent and flavorful products continues to drive overall performance for the brand.

This strong performance accelerated throughout the third quarter, and has continued thus far into the fourth quarter. I am excited about taking the learnings from this uncertain time and using them to fuel the remaining part of 2020 as well as our strategy into 2021."

Earnings from continuing operations were $32.2 million, or $1.40 per diluted share, for the third quarter of fiscal 2020 compared with $13.5 million, or $0.51 per diluted share, for the third quarter of fiscal 2019.

Operating Earnings Per Share(1), a non-GAAP measure, were $1.37 in the third quarter of fiscal 2020 compared with $1.07 in the prior year quarter. A reconciliation of non-GAAP Operating Earnings Per Share to GAAP results is provided below, with additional information included in the attachment to this release.

 

 

12 Weeks Ended

 

40 Weeks Ended

 

 

July 5, 2020

 

July 7, 2019

 

July 5, 2020

 

July 7, 2019

Diluted earnings per share from continuing operations – GAAP

 

$1.40

 

$0.51

 

$2.21

 

$2.67

Loss on early termination of interest rate swaps

 

 

0.56

 

 

0.56

Restructuring charges

 

 

 

0.04

 

0.19

Gains on the sale of company-operated restaurants

 

(0.03)

 

 

(0.08)

 

(0.01)

Gain on sale of corporate office building

 

 

 

(0.33)

 

Pension settlement charges

 

 

 

1.20

 

Operating Earnings Per Share – non-GAAP (1)

 

$1.37

 

$1.07

 

$3.03

 

$3.41

(1) Operating Earnings per share may not add due to rounding.

Adjusted EBITDA(2), a non-GAAP measure, was $72.9 million in the third quarter of fiscal 2020 compared with $57.8 million for the prior year quarter.

Results for the third quarter reflect the business and financial impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic, which include the following:

  • Restaurant traffic declined substantially, although did improve versus the last five weeks of the second quarter. Check growth continued to drive overall same-store sales growth.
  • Higher costs for delivery fees and supplies related to COVID-19 increased Occupancy and Other as a percentage of company restaurant sales by 90 basis points.
  • Higher costs for a new emergency paid sick leave program increased Labor as a percentage of company restaurant sales by 30 basis points.
  • The company did not provide any additional relief to franchisees in the form of marketing fee reduction or postponement or rent postponement in the third quarter. The marketing fee reduction in April, however, did impact slightly over two weeks of the third quarter, resulting in lower Advertising costs by $0.1 million, and reduced Franchise Contributions for Advertising by approximately $2.9 million.
  • The company implemented a short-term cash preservation strategy, and as such, did not buy back any shares in the third quarter. The company also significantly reduced capital spending.

Restaurant-Level Margin(3), a non-GAAP measure, decreased by 160 basis points to 25.4 percent of company restaurant sales in the third quarter of fiscal 2020 from 27.0 percent a year ago. The decrease was due primarily to wage inflation as well as higher delivery fees and supply costs related to COVID-19. Food and packaging costs, as a percentage of company restaurant sales, decreased 20 basis points in the quarter driven by menu price increases and favorable mix shift, partially offset by increases in ingredient costs. Commodity costs increased 3.6 percent in the quarter as compared with the prior year, due primarily to increases in beef.

Franchise-Level Margin(3), a non-GAAP measure, increased by $5.4 million in the third quarter, primarily driven by higher royalties and rental revenues as franchise same-store sales increased. The company did not provide any additional relief to franchisees through postponements or reductions of rent or marketing in the third quarter.

Franchise-Level Margin(3), as a percentage of total franchise revenues, was 41.5 percent in the third quarter of fiscal 2020. The company adopted the new lease accounting standard, ASC 842, in fiscal 2020, which resulted in grossing up both franchise rental revenues and franchise occupancy expenses by approximately $9.7 million and $9.9 million respectively in the third quarter. Without these adjustments, Franchise-Level Margin(3) would have been 44.4 percent of total franchise revenues. This compares with 42.4 percent in the prior year.

As a percentage of system-wide sales, G&A was 1.1 percent in the third quarter of fiscal 2020 compared with 2.5 percent in the prior year quarter. The $10.6 million decrease in G&A, which excludes advertising, was primarily driven by:

  • a decrease of $7.0 million in costs related to litigation matters versus prior year;
  • mark-to-market adjustments on investments supporting the company's non-qualified retirement plans resulting in a $2.6 million year-over-year decrease in G&A; and
  • a $2.5 million decrease in incentive compensation.
  • These increases were partially offset by a $2.6 million increase in insurance.

Advertising costs, which are included in SG&A, decreased $0.1 million in the third quarter due to the reduction in marketing fees for April. In the third quarter of fiscal 2020, SG&A expenses decreased by $10.7 million and were 5.6 percent of revenues compared with 11.0 percent in the prior year quarter.

Impairment and other charges, net, increased $4.0 million in the third quarter, driven by a $5.7 million gain on sale of a restaurant property in the prior year quarter.

Interest expense, net, decreased by $20.8 million in the third quarter driven by the termination of our interest rate swaps in the prior year quarter.

The effective tax rate for the third quarter of fiscal 2020 was 27.9 percent, an improvement versus the second quarter, primarily driven by the improvement in operating earnings before income tax and nontaxable gains from mark-to-market adjustments associated with investments supporting the company's non-qualified retirement plans.

Capital Allocation and Liquidity Position

The company did not repurchase any shares in the third quarter of fiscal 2020, and as announced on April 15, 2020, temporarily suspended its share repurchase program. This leaves approximately $122 million remaining under share repurchase programs authorized by its Board of Directors, consisting of $22 million remaining that expire in November 2020 and approximately $100 million remaining that expire in November 2021.

The company also announced today that on July 31, 2020, its Board of Directors declared a cash dividend of $0.40 per share on the company's common stock. The dividend is payable on September 3, 2020, to shareholders of record at the close of business on August 18, 2020. The reinstatement of the dividend reflects the strong financial health of the company and continued commitment to shareholders.

As of the end of the third quarter, the company had approximately $196.9 million in cash, of which $159.5 million was unrestricted cash.

Conference Call

The company will host a conference call for financial analysts and investors on Thursday, August 6, 2020, beginning at 8:30 a.m. PT (11:30 a.m. ET). The conference call will be broadcast live over the Internet via the Jack in the Box Inc. corporate website. To access the live call through the Internet, log onto the Investors section of the Jack in the Box Inc. website at least 15 minutes prior to the event in order to download and install any necessary audio software. A replay of the call will be available through the Jack in the Box Inc. corporate website for 21 days, beginning at approximately 11:30 a.m. PT on August 6, 2020.

About Jack in the Box Inc.

Jack in the Box Inc. (NASDAQ: JACK), based in San Diego, is a restaurant company that operates and franchises Jack in the Box® restaurants, one of the nation’s largest hamburger chains, with more than 2,200 restaurants in 21 states and Guam.

(1) Operating Earnings Per Share represents diluted earnings per share from continuing operations on a GAAP basis excluding gains or losses on the sale of company-operated restaurants, restructuring charges, gain on sale of corporate office building, pension settlement charges, loss on early termination of interest rate, and the excess tax benefits from share-based compensation arrangements. See "Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Measurements to GAAP Results."

(2) Adjusted EBITDA represents net earnings on a GAAP basis excluding earnings or losses from discontinued operations, income taxes, interest expense, net, gains or losses on the sale of company-operated restaurants, impairment and other charges, net, depreciation and amortization, the amortization of franchise tenant improvement allowances and pension settlement charges. See "Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Measurements to GAAP Results."

(3) Restaurant-Level Margin and Franchise-Level Margin are non-GAAP measures. These non-GAAP measures are reconciled to earnings from operations, the most comparable GAAP measure, in the attachment to this release. See "Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Measurements to GAAP Results."

Safe Harbor Statement

This press release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the federal securities laws. Forward-looking statements may be identified by words such as “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “expect,” “forecast,” “goals,” “guidance,” “intend,” “plan,” “project,” “may,” “will,” “would” and similar expressions. These statements are based on management’s current expectations, estimates, forecasts and projections about our business and the industry in which we operate. These estimates and assumptions involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties, and other factors that are in some cases beyond our control. Factors that may cause our actual results to differ materially from any forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to: the potential impacts to our business and operations resulting from the coronavirus COVID-19 pandemic, the success of new products, marketing initiatives and restaurant remodels and drive-thru enhancements; the impact of competition, unemployment, trends in consumer spending patterns and commodity costs; the company's ability to reduce G&A and operate efficiently; the company’s ability to achieve and manage its planned growth, which is affected by the availability of a sufficient number of suitable new restaurant sites, the performance of new restaurants, risks relating to expansion into new markets and successful franchise development; the ability to attract, train and retain top-performing personnel, litigation risks; risks associated with disagreements with franchisees; supply chain disruption; food-safety incidents or negative publicity impacting the reputation of the company's brand; increased regulatory and legal complexities, including federal, state and local policies regarding mitigation strategies for controlling the coronavirus COVID-19 pandemic, risks associated with the amount and terms of the securitized debt issued by certain of our wholly owned subsidiaries; adverse investor response to the company's temporary suspension of its stock repurchase program; and stock market volatility. These and other factors are discussed in the company’s annual report on Form 10-K and its periodic reports on Form 10-Q filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, which are available online or in hard copy upon request. The company undertakes no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statement, whether as the result of new information or otherwise.

JACK IN THE BOX INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EARNINGS

(In thousands, except per share data)

(Unaudited)

       

 

12 Weeks Ended

 

40 Weeks Ended

 

July 5,
2020

 

July 7,
2019

 

July 5,
2020

 

July 7,
2019

Revenues:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Company restaurant sales

$

82,444

 

 

$

78,434

 

 

$

262,188

 

 

$

257,948

 

Franchise rental revenues

76,021

 

 

63,359

 

 

241,990

 

 

208,895

 

Franchise royalties and other

43,239

 

 

40,180

 

 

133,469

 

 

130,840

 

Franchise contributions for advertising and other services

40,571

 

 

40,386

 

 

128,458

 

 

131,189

 

 

242,275

 

 

222,359

 

 

766,105

 

 

728,872

 

Operating costs and expenses, net:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Company restaurant costs (excluding depreciation and amortization):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Food and packaging

24,077

 

 

23,058

 

 

77,662

 

 

74,350

 

Payroll and employee benefits

25,085

 

 

23,121

 

 

81,236

 

 

76,163

 

Occupancy and other

12,334

 

 

11,052

 

 

40,862

 

 

38,165

 

Total company restaurant costs

61,496

 

 

57,231

 

 

199,760

 

 

188,678

 

Franchise occupancy expenses

48,612

 

 

38,371

 

 

161,470

 

 

127,702

 

Franchise support and other costs

2,692

 

 

2,695

 

 

10,339

 

 

8,337

 

Franchise advertising and other services expenses

42,176

 

 

41,882

 

 

133,134

 

 

136,397

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses

13,680

 

 

24,389

 

 

66,131

 

 

66,057

 

Depreciation and amortization

12,141

 

 

12,786

 

 

41,151

 

 

42,645

 

Impairment and other charges, net

738

 

 

(3,256)

 

 

(7,837)

 

 

5,567

 

Gains on the sale of company-operated restaurants

(1,050)

 

 

 

 

(2,625)

 

 

(219)

 

 

180,485

 

 

174,098

 

 

601,523

 

 

575,164

 

Earnings from operations

61,790

 

 

48,261

 

 

164,582

 

 

153,708

 

Other pension and post-retirement expenses, net

1,482

 

 

342

 

 

40,972

 

 

1,141

 

Interest expense, net

15,700

 

 

36,494

 

 

51,051

 

 

67,144

 

Earnings from continuing operations and before income taxes

44,608

 

 

11,425

 

 

72,559

 

 

85,423

 

Income taxes

12,432

 

 

(2,048)

 

 

21,023

 

 

15,699

 

Earnings from continuing operations

32,176

 

 

13,473

 

 

51,536

 

 

69,724

 

Earnings (losses) from discontinued operations, net of taxes

379

 

 

(284)

 

 

379

 

 

2,652

 

Net earnings

$

32,555

 

 

$

13,189

 

 

$

51,915

 

 

$

72,376

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net earnings per share - basic:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earnings from continuing operations

$

1.41

 

 

$

0.52

 

 

$

2.22

 

 

$

2.69

 

Earnings from discontinued operations

0.02

 

 

(0.01)

 

 

0.02

 

 

0.10

 

Net earnings per share (1)

$

1.42

 

 

$

0.51

 

 

$

2.24

 

 

$

2.79

 

Net earnings per share - diluted:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earnings from continuing operations

$

1.40

 

 

$

0.51

 

 

$

2.21

 

 

$

2.67

 

Earnings from discontinued operations

0.02

 

 

(0.01)

 

 

0.02

 

 

0.10

 

Net earnings per share (1)

$

1.42

 

 

$

0.50

 

 

$

2.23

 

 

$

2.77

 

Weighted-average shares outstanding:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

22,847

 

 

25,958

 

 

23,192

 

 

25,933

 

Diluted

22,916

 

 

26,176

 

 

23,322

 

 

26,150

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dividends declared per common share

$

 

 

$

0.40

 

 

$

0.80

 

 

$

1.20

 

(1) Earnings per share may not add due to rounding.

 

JACK IN THE BOX INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(In thousands, except share and per share data)

(Unaudited)

       

 

July 5,
2020

 

September 29,
2019

ASSETS

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

Cash

$

159,540

 

 

$

125,536

 

Restricted cash

37,373

 

 

26,025

 

Accounts and other receivables, net

88,242

 

 

45,235

 

Inventories

1,835

 

 

1,776

 

Prepaid expenses

13,447

 

 

9,015

 

Current assets held for sale

6,191

 

 

16,823

 

Other current assets

3,504

 

 

2,718

 

Total current assets

310,132

 

 

227,128

 

Property and equipment:

 

 

 

Property and equipment, at cost

1,140,285

 

 

1,176,241

 

Less accumulated depreciation and amortization

(796,159)

 

 

(784,307)

 

Property and equipment, net

344,126

 

 

391,934

 

Other assets:

 

 

 

Operating lease right-of-use asset

902,858

 

 

 

Intangible assets, net

283

 

 

425

 

Goodwill

47,161

 

 

46,747

 

Deferred tax assets

66,132

 

 

85,564

 

Other assets, net

216,008

 

 

206,685

 

Total other assets

1,232,442

 

 

339,421

 

 

$

1,886,700

 

 

$

958,483

 

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ DEFICIT

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

Current maturities of long-term debt

$

13,821

 

 

$

774

 

Current operating lease liabilities

169,347

 

 

 

Accounts payable

26,339

 

 

37,066

 

Accrued liabilities

143,344

 

 

120,083

 

Total current liabilities

352,851

 

 

157,923

 

Long-term liabilities:

 

 

 

Long-term debt, net of current maturities

1,366,171

 

 

1,274,374

 

Long-term operating lease liabilities, net of current portion

777,883

 

 

 

Other long-term liabilities

216,752

 

 

263,770

 

Total long-term liabilities

2,360,806

 

 

1,538,144

 

Stockholders’ deficit:

 

 

 

Preferred stock $0.01 par value, 15,000,000 shares authorized, none issued

 

 

 

Common stock $0.01 par value, 175,000,000 shares authorized, 82,320,270 and 82,159,002 issued, respectively

823

 

 

822

 

Capital in excess of par value

491,594

 

 

480,322

 

Retained earnings

1,607,485

 

 

1,577,034

 

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

(117,553)

 

 

(140,006)

 

Treasury stock, at cost, 59,646,773 and 57,760,573 shares, respectively

(2,809,306)

 

 

(2,655,756)

 

Total stockholders’ deficit

(826,957)

 

 

(737,584)

 

 

$

1,886,700

 

 

$

958,483

 

 

JACK IN THE BOX INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(In thousands) (Unaudited)

   

 

40 Weeks Ended

 

July 5, 2020

 

July 7, 2019

Cash flows from operating activities:

 

 

 

Net earnings

$

51,915

 

 

$

72,376

 

Earnings from discontinued operations

379

 

 

2,652

 

Earnings from continuing operations

51,536

 

 

69,724

 

Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to net cash provided by operating activities:

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

41,151

 

 

42,645

 

Amortization of franchise tenant improvement allowances and other

2,383

 

 

1,524

 

Deferred finance cost amortization

4,337

 

 

1,903

 

Excess tax benefits from share-based compensation arrangements

(71)

 

 

(66)

 

Deferred income taxes

12,567

 

 

(1,745)

 

Share-based compensation expense

7,612

 

 

6,589

 

Pension and postretirement expense

40,972

 

 

1,141

 

Gains on cash surrender value of company-owned life insurance

(1,861)

 

 

(3,117)

 

Gains on the sale of company-operated restaurants

(2,625)

 

 

(219)

 

Gains on the disposition of property and equipment, net

(10,386)

 

 

(5,756)

 

Non-cash operating lease costs

(5,689)

 

 

 

Impairment charges and other

195

 

 

1,624

 

Changes in assets and liabilities, excluding acquisitions:

 

 

 

Accounts and other receivables

(39,198)

 

 

(3,555)

 

Inventories

14

 

 

(79)

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

(5,034)

 

 

1,509

 

Accounts payable

(4,620)

 

 

24,321

 

Accrued liabilities

15,755

 

 

9,363

 

Pension and postretirement contributions

(4,921)

 

 

(5,126)

 

Franchise tenant improvement allowance distributions

(7,105)

 

 

(7,875)

 

Other

(4,844)

 

 

(16,012)

 

Cash flows provided by operating activities

90,168

 

 

116,793

 

Cash flows from investing activities:

 

 

 

Purchases of property and equipment

(16,736)

 

 

(25,041)

 

Proceeds from the sale of property and equipment

22,790

 

 

7,563

 

Proceeds from the sale and leaseback of assets

19,828

 

 

3,056

 

Proceeds from the sale of company-operated restaurants

2,625

 

 

133

 

Collections on notes receivable

 

 

15,239

 

Other

1,036

 

 

 

Cash flows provided by investing activities

29,543

 

 

950

 

Cash flows from financing activities:

 

 

 

Borrowings on revolving credit facilities

111,376

 

 

229,798

 

Repayments of borrowings on revolving credit facilities

(3,500)

 

 

(252,800)

 

Principal repayments on debt

(7,094)

 

 

(32,611)

 

Debt issuance costs

(216)

 

 

(5,088)

 

Dividends paid on common stock

(18,466)

 

 

(30,929)

 

Proceeds from issuance of common stock

3,559

 

 

696

 

Repurchases of common stock

(155,576)

 

 

(14,362)

 

Payroll tax payments for equity award issuances

(4,442)

 

 

(2,705)

 

Cash flows used in financing activities

(74,359)

 

 

(108,001)

 

Net increase in cash and restricted cash

45,352

 

 

9,742

 

Cash and restricted cash at beginning of period

151,561

 

 

2,705

 

Cash and restricted cash at end of period

$

196,913

 

 

$

12,447

 

 

JACK IN THE BOX INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
SUPPLEMENTAL INFORMATION

The following table presents certain income and expense items included in our condensed consolidated statements of earnings as a percentage of total revenues, unless otherwise indicated. Percentages may not add due to rounding.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EARNINGS DATA

(Unaudited)

       

 

12 Weeks Ended

 

40 Weeks Ended

 

July 5,
2020

 

July 7,
2019

 

July 5,
2020

 

July 7,
2019

Revenues:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Company restaurant sales

34.0

%

 

35.3

%

 

34.2

%

 

35.4

%

Franchise rental revenues

31.4

%

 

28.5

%

 

31.6

%

 

28.7

%

Franchise royalties and other

17.8

%

 

18.1

%

 

17.4

%

 

18.0

%

Franchise contributions for advertising and other services

16.7

%

 

18.2

%

 

16.8

%

 

18.0

%

Total revenues

100.0

%

 

100.0

%

 

100.0

%

 

100.0

%

Operating costs and expenses, net:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Company restaurant costs:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Food and packaging (1)

29.2

%

 

29.4

%

 

29.6

%

 

28.8

%

Payroll and employee benefits (1)

30.4

%

 

29.5

%

 

31.0

%

 

29.5

%

Occupancy and other (1)

15.0

%

 

14.1

%

 

15.6

%

 

14.8

%

Total company restaurant costs (1)

74.6

%

 

73.0

%

 

76.2

%

 

73.1

%

Franchise occupancy expenses (2)

63.9

%

 

60.6

%

 

66.7

%

 

61.1

%

Franchise support and other costs (3)

6.2

%

 

6.7

%

 

7.7

%

 

6.4

%

Franchise advertising and other services expenses (4)

104.0

%

 

103.7

%

 

103.6

%

 

104.0

%

Selling, general and administrative expenses

5.6

%

 

11.0

%

 

8.6

%

 

9.1

%

Depreciation and amortization

5.0

%

 

5.8

%

 

5.4

%

 

5.9

%

Impairment and other charges, net

0.3

%

 

(1.5)

%

 

(1.0)

%

 

0.8

%

Gains on the sale of company-operated restaurants

(0.4)

%

 

%

 

(0.3)

%

 

%

Earnings from operations

25.5

%

 

21.7

%

 

21.5

%

 

21.1

%

Income tax rate (5)

27.9

%

 

(17.9)

%

 

29.0

%

 

18.4

%

(1) As a percentage of company restaurant sales.

(2) As a percentage of franchise rental revenues.

(3) As a percentage of franchise royalties and other.

(4) As a percentage of franchise contributions for advertising and other services.

(5) As a percentage of earnings from continuing operations and before income taxes.

 

Jack in the Box system sales (in thousands):

       

 

12 Weeks Ended

 

40 Weeks Ended

 

July 5,
2020

 

July 7,
2019

 

July 5,
2020

 

July 7,
2019

Company-owned restaurant sales

$

82,444

 

 

$

78,434

 

 

$

262,188

 

 

$

257,948

 

Franchised restaurant sales (1)

804,791

 

 

747,398

 

 

2,480,062

 

 

2,428,708

 

System sales (1)

$

887,235

 

 

$

825,832

 

 

$

2,742,250

 

 

$

2,686,656

 

(1) Franchised restaurant sales represent sales at franchised restaurants and are revenues of our franchisees. System sales include company and franchised restaurant sales. We do not record franchised sales as revenues; however, our royalty revenues, marketing fees and percentage rent revenues are calculated based on a percentage of franchised sales. We believe franchised and system restaurant sales information is useful to investors as they have a direct effect on the company's profitability.

The following table summarizes the year-to-date changes in the number and mix of Jack in the Box company and franchise restaurants:

SUPPLEMENTAL RESTAURANT ACTIVITY INFORMATION

(Unaudited)

       

 

2020

 

2019

 

Company

 

Franchise

 

Total

 

Company

 

Franchise

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Beginning of year

137

 

 

2,106

 

 

2,243

 

 

137

 

 

2,100

 

 

2,237

 

New

 

 

20

 

 

20

 

 

 

 

16

 

 

16

 

Acquired from franchisees

8

 

 

(8)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Closed

(1)

 

 

(18)

 

 

(19)

 

 

 

 

(11)

 

 

(11)

 

End of period

144

 

 

2,100

 

 

2,244

 

 

137

 

 

2,105

 

 

2,242

 

% of system

6

%

 

94

%

 

100

%

 

6

%

 

94

%

 

100

%

 

JACK IN THE BOX INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
RECONCILIATION OF NON-GAAP MEASUREMENTS TO GAAP RESULTS
(Unaudited)

To supplement the consolidated financial statements, which are presented in accordance with GAAP, the company uses the following non-GAAP measures: Operating Earnings Per Share, Adjusted EBITDA, Restaurant-Level Margin and Franchise-Level Margin. Management believes that these measurements, when viewed with the company's results of operations in accordance with GAAP and the accompanying reconciliations in the tables below, provide useful information about operating performance and period-over-period changes, and provide additional information that is useful for evaluating the operating performance of the company's core business without regard to potential distortions.

Operating Earnings Per Share

Operating Earnings Per Share represents diluted earnings per share from continuing operations on a GAAP basis excluding gains or losses on the sale of company-operated restaurants, restructuring charges, the gain on sale of corporate office building, pension settlement charges, loss on early termination of interest rate, and the excess tax benefits from share-based compensation arrangements which are now recorded as a component of income tax expense versus equity prior to fiscal year 2019. Operating Earnings Per Share should be considered as a supplement to, not as a substitute for, analysis of results as reported under U.S. GAAP or other similarly titled measures of other companies. Management believes Operating Earnings Per Share provides investors with a meaningful supplement of the company’s operating performance and period-over-period changes without regard to potential distortions.

Below is a reconciliation of non-GAAP Operating Earnings Per Share to the most directly comparable GAAP measure, diluted earnings per share from continuing operations. Figures may not add due to rounding.

 

 

12 Weeks Ended

 

40 Weeks Ended

 

 

July 5, 2020

 

July 7, 2019

 

July 5, 2020

 

July 7, 2019

Diluted earnings per share from continuing operations – GAAP

 

$1.40

 

$0.51

 

$2.21

 

$2.67

Loss on early termination of interest rate swaps

 

 

0.56

 

 

0.56

Restructuring charges

 

 

 

0.04

 

0.19

Gains on the sale of company-operated restaurants

 

(0.03)

 

 

(0.08)

 

(0.01)

Gain on sale of corporate office building

 

 

 

(0.33)

 

Pension settlement charges

 

 

 

1.20

 

Operating Earnings Per Share – non-GAAP (1)

 

$1.37

 

$1.07

 

$3.03

 

$3.41

(1) Operating Earnings per share may not add due to rounding.

 

Adjusted EBITDA

Adjusted EBITDA represents net earnings on a GAAP basis excluding earnings or losses from discontinued operations, income taxes, interest expense, net, pension settlement charges, gains or losses on the sale of company-operated restaurants, impairment and other charges, net, depreciation and amortization, and the amortization of franchise tenant improvement allowances and other. Adjusted EBITDA should be considered as a supplement to, not as a substitute for, analysis of results as reported under U.S. GAAP or other similarly titled measures of other companies. Management believes Adjusted EBITDA is useful to investors to gain an understanding of the factors and trends affecting the company's ongoing cash earnings, from which capital investments are made and debt is serviced.

Below is a reconciliation of non-GAAP Adjusted EBITDA to the most directly comparable GAAP measure, net earnings (in thousands).

 

12 Weeks Ended

 

40 Weeks Ended

 

July 5, 2020

 

July 7, 2019

 

July 5, 2020

 

July 7, 2019

Net earnings - GAAP

$

32,555

 

 

$

13,189

 

 

$

51,915

 

 

$

72,376

 

(Earnings) losses from discontinued operations, net of taxes

(379)

 

 

284

 

 

(379)

 

 

(2,652)

 

Income taxes

12,432

 

 

(2,048)

 

 

21,023

 

 

15,699

 

Interest expense, net

15,700

 

 

36,494

 

 

51,051

 

 

67,144

 

Pension settlement charges

103

 

 

 

 

39,030

 

 

 

Gains on the sale of company-operated restaurants

(1,050)

 

 

 

 

(2,625)

 

 

(219)

 

Impairment and other charges, net

738

 

 

(3,256)

 

 

(7,837)

 

 

5,567

 

Depreciation and amortization

12,141

 

 

12,786

 

 

41,151

 

 

42,645

 

Amortization of franchise tenant improvement allowances and other

618

 

 

387

 

 

2,383

 

 

1,524

 

Adjusted EBITDA – non-GAAP

$

72,858

 

 

$

57,836

 

 

$

195,712

 

 

$

202,084

 

 

Restaurant-Level Margin

Restaurant-Level Margin is defined as company restaurant sales less restaurant operating costs (food and packaging, labor, and occupancy costs) and is neither required by, nor presented in accordance with GAAP. Restaurant-Level Margin excludes revenues and expenses of our franchise operations and certain costs, such as selling, general, and administrative expenses, depreciation and amortization, impairment and other charges, net, gains or losses on the sale of company-operated restaurants, and other costs that are considered normal operating costs. As such, Restaurant-Level Margin is not indicative of the overall results of the company and does not accrue directly to the benefit of shareholders because of the exclusion of corporate-level expenses. Restaurant-Level Margin should be considered as a supplement to, not as a substitute for, analysis of results as reported under GAAP or other similarly titled measures of other companies. The company is presenting Restaurant-Level Margin because it believes that it provides a meaningful supplement to net earnings of the company's core business operating results, as well as a comparison to those of other similar companies. Management utilizes Restaurant-Level Margin as a key performance indicator to evaluate the profitability of company-owned restaurants.

Below is a reconciliation of non-GAAP Restaurant-Level Margin to the most directly comparable GAAP measure, earnings from operations (in thousands):

 

 

12 Weeks Ended

 

40 Weeks Ended

 

 

July 5, 2020

 

July 7, 2019

 

July 5, 2020

 

July 7, 2019

Earnings from operations - GAAP

 

$

61,790

 

 

$

48,261

 

 

$

164,582

 

 

$

153,708

 

Franchise rental revenues

 

(76,021)

 

 

(63,359)

 

 

(241,990)

 

 

(208,895)

 

Franchise royalties and other

 

(43,239)

 

 

(40,180)

 

 

(133,469)

 

 

(130,840)

 

Franchise contributions for advertising and other services

 

(40,571)

 

 

(40,386)

 

 

(128,458)

 

 

(131,189)

 

Franchise occupancy expenses

 

48,612

 

 

38,371

 

 

161,470

 

 

127,702

 

Franchise support and other costs

 

2,692

 

 

2,695

 

 

10,339

 

 

8,337

 

Franchise advertising and other services expenses

 

42,176

 

 

41,882

 

 

133,134

 

 

136,397

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses

 

13,680

 

 

24,389

 

 

66,131

 

 

66,057

 

Impairment and other charges, net

 

738

 

 

(3,256)

 

 

(7,837)

 

 

5,567

 

Gains on the sale of company-operated restaurants

 

(1,050)

 

 

 

 

(2,625)

 

 

(219)

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

12,141

 

 

12,786

 

 

41,151

 

 

42,645

 

Restaurant-Level Margin- Non-GAAP

 

$

20,948

 

 

$

21,203

 

 

$

62,428

 

 

$

69,270

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Company restaurant sales

 

$

82,444

 

 

$

78,434

 

 

$

262,188

 

 

$

257,948

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Restaurant-Level Margin % - Non-GAAP

 

25.4

%

 

27.0

%

 

23.8

%

 

26.9

%

 

Franchise-Level Margin

Franchise-Level Margin is defined as franchise revenues less franchise operating costs (occupancy expenses, advertising contributions, and franchise support and other costs) and is neither required by, nor presented in accordance with GAAP. Franchise-Level Margin excludes revenue and expenses of our company-operated restaurants and certain costs, such as selling, general, and administrative expenses, depreciation and amortization, impairment and other charges, net, and other costs that are considered normal operating costs. As such, Franchise-Level Margin is not indicative of the overall results of the company and does not accrue directly to the benefit of shareholders because of the exclusion of corporate-level expenses. Franchise-Level Margin should be considered as a supplement to, not as a substitute for, analysis of results as reported under GAAP or other similarly titled measures of other companies. The company is presenting Franchise-Level Margin because it believes that it provides a meaningful supplement to net earnings of the company's core business operating results, as well as a comparison to those of other similar companies. Management utilizes Franchise-Level Margin as a key performance indicator to evaluate the profitability of our franchise operations.

Below is a reconciliation of non-GAAP Franchise-Level Margin to the most directly comparable GAAP measure, earnings from operations (in thousands):

 

12 Weeks Ended

40 Weeks Ended

 

July 5, 2020

 

July 7, 2019 (1)

 

July 5, 2020

 

July 7, 2019 (1)

Earnings from operations - GAAP

$

61,790

 

 

$

48,261

 

 

$

164,582

 

 

$

153,708

 

Company restaurant sales

(82,444)

 

 

(78,434)

 

 

(262,188)

 

 

(257,948)

 

Food and packaging

24,077

 

 

23,058

 

 

77,662

 

 

74,350

 

Payroll and employee benefits

25,085

 

 

23,121

 

 

81,236

 

 

76,163

 

Occupancy and other

12,334

 

 

11,052

 

 

40,862

 

 

38,165

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses

13,680

 

 

24,389

 

 

66,131

 

 

66,057

 

Impairment and other charges, net

738

 

 

(3,256)

 

 

(7,837)

 

 

5,567

 

Gains on the sale of company-operated restaurants

(1,050)

 

 

 

 

(2,625)

 

 

(219)

 

Depreciation and amortization

12,141

 

 

12,786

 

 

41,151

 

 

42,645

 

Franchise-Level Margin - Non-GAAP

$

66,351

 

 

$

60,977

 

 

$

198,974

 

 

$

198,488

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Franchise rental revenues

$

76,021

 

 

$

63,359

 

 

$

241,990

 

 

$

208,895

 

Franchise royalties and other

43,239

 

 

40,180

 

 

133,469

 

 

130,840

 

Franchise contributions for advertising and other services

40,571

 

 

40,386

 

 

128,458

 

 

131,189

 

Total franchise revenues

$

159,831

 

 

$

143,925

 

 

$

503,917

 

 

$

470,924

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Franchise-Level Margin % - Non-GAAP

41.5

%

 

42.4

%

 

39.5

%

 

42.1

%

(1) During the first quarter of 2020, the Company changed its presentation of Non-GAAP Franchise-Level Margin to include "amortization of franchise tenant improvement allowances and other" in its definition thereof. The prior period has been recast to conform to current year presentation.

SOURCE Jack in the Box Inc.

###

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