Denny’s Corporation Reports Results for Third Quarter 2012

Adjusted Income Before Taxes* Grows 9% 

Achieves Sixth Consecutive Quarter of Positive System-wide Same-Store Sales 

SPARTANBURG, S.C. - (BUSINESS WIRE) - Oct. 30, 2012 - Denny’s Corporation (NASDAQ: DENN), franchisor and operator of one of America's largest full-service restaurant chains, today reported results for its third quarter ended September 26, 2012.

Third Quarter Summary

  • System-wide same-store sales grew 0.4%, which marks the sixth consecutive quarter that system-wide same-store sales have been positive.
  • Opened 12 franchised units, including the first international university unit located in Canada at the Southern Alberta Institute of Technology.
  • Signed first international development agreement in South America for 10 units in Chile.
  • Franchise operating margin increased $1.0 million to $22.3 million while franchise operating margin (as a percentage of franchise and license revenue) was 64.9%.
  • Company restaurant operating margin increased 0.6 percentage points to 14.7% compared with the prior year, and was impacted by $1.3 million for unfavorable workers’ compensation claims development.
  • Adjusted Income Before Taxes* grew 9.3% to $13.1 million compared with the prior year.
  • Net income of $5.4 million, or $0.06 per diluted share, was impacted by $2.5 million in impairment expense and $1.3 million for unfavorable workers’ compensation claims development.
  • Generated $12.9 million of Free Cash Flow* in the quarter which was used to reduce outstanding term loan debt by $7.0 million and repurchase 1.0 million shares.

John Miller, President and Chief Executive Officer, stated, “We are pleased that we achieved our sixth consecutive quarter of positive system-wide same-store sales despite the ongoing challenging consumer economic environment. We continue to grow and revitalize the brand and are making progress in our efforts to differentiate Denny’s in the market place. As Denny’s approaches its 60th anniversary and 1,700th location, we believe that Denny’s will grow its position as one of the largest American full-service brands in the world. Our recent partnership to open units in South America is another step toward that goal. By executing on our strategies to further reinforce our position as America’s Diner, we will build on our efforts to grow the brand and increase shareholder value.”

Third Quarter Results

For the third quarter of 2012, franchise and license revenue increased 7.3% to $34.4 million compared with $32.0 million in the prior year quarter. The $2.3 million increase in franchise revenue was primarily driven by a $1.2 million increase in occupancy revenue and $0.9 million increase in royalties due to 60 additional equivalent franchise restaurants. Company restaurant sales of $86.6 million decreased $18.1 million due to 49 fewer equivalent company restaurants compared with the prior year quarter. This decrease reflects the continuing impact of selling company-owned units to franchisees as part of our FGI refranchising strategy that will be completed at the end of 2012. Denny’s total operating revenue, including both company restaurant sales and franchise revenue, was $120.9 million compared with $136.7 million in the prior year quarter.

Denny’s opened 12 new franchised units in the third quarter of this year, including the first international university unit located in Calgary, Canada, at the Southern Alberta Institute of Technology. During the quarter, Denny’s closed nine franchised and company restaurants and franchisees purchased five company-owned restaurants.

Franchise operating margin increased $1.0 million to $22.3 million primarily due to the increases in occupancy margin and franchise royalties. Franchise operating margin (as a percentage of franchise and license revenue) was 64.9%, a decrease of 1.5 percentage points compared with the prior year quarter, primarily due to an increase in direct franchise costs.

Company restaurant operating margin decreased $2.0 million primarily due to a $1.3 million unfavorable workers’ compensation claims development and the impact of selling company-owned units to franchisees. Company restaurant operating margin (as a percentage of company restaurant sales) was 14.7%, an increase of 0.6 percentage points compared with the prior year quarter. The current year quarter included a 1.5 percentage point unfavorable impact from worker’s compensation claims development.

Total general and administrative expenses increased $1.4 million compared with the prior year quarter primarily due to higher performance-based compensation accruals.

Depreciation and amortization expense decreased by $1.7 million compared with the prior year quarter, primarily as a result of the sale of restaurants over the past two years. Net operating gains, losses and other charges, which include restructuring charges, exit costs, impairment charges and gains or losses on the sale of assets, decreased $1.6 million in the quarter. The decrease was primarily the result of lower gains on the sale of company-owned units to franchisees and higher restructuring costs.

Interest expense decreased $1.7 million to $3.1 million as a result of a $37.4 million reduction in total gross debt over the last 12 months and lower interest rates under the refinanced credit facility.

Adjusted Income Before Taxes*, Denny’s target metric for earnings, increased 9.3% to $13.1 million compared with the prior year quarter Adjusted Income Before Taxes* of $12.0 million.

In the third quarter, the provision for income taxes increased $2.8 million, primarily due to a higher effective tax rate of 37.4% compared to 4.8% effective tax rate in the prior year quarter. The change in the effective tax rate compared to the prior year resulted from the release of a substantial portion of the valuation allowance on certain deferred tax assets based on our improved historical and projected pre-tax income. Due to the use of net operating loss and tax credit carryforwards, the Company only paid $0.5 million in cash taxes in the third quarter.

Denny’s net income was $5.4 million for the third quarter 2012, or $0.06 per diluted share, compared with prior year period net income of $8.0 million, or $0.08 per diluted share. Net income was impacted by $2.5 million in impairment expense and $1.3 million for unfavorable workers’ compensation claims development.

In the first three quarters of 2012, Denny’s has generated $41.5 million of Free Cash Flow* which the Company has used to reduce its outstanding term loan by $22.0 million and repurchase 2.4 million shares. As of October 26, 2012, the Company has repurchased approximately 10 million shares since initiating a share repurchase strategy and now has 5 million shares remaining in its current authorized share repurchase initiative.

Business Outlook

Mark Wolfinger, Executive Vice President, Chief Administrative Officer and Chief Financial Officer, stated, “The continuous improvements we are making to our franchised-focused business model are reflected in our results where we have been able to generate new unit growth, positive same-store sales, and growing profitability. Our franchise-focused business model provides financial stability and flexibility enabling us to navigate the challenging environment while continuing to return value to shareholders through debt repayment and share repurchases.”

Based on year-to-date results and management’s expectations at this time, Denny’s is updating its full-year 2012 financial guidance to reflect the third quarter results and current thinking for the fourth quarter. The Company anticipates that the system will achieve its second consecutive year of positive same-store sales. Despite the challenging consumer economic environment, the company expects Adjusted Income Before Taxes* to grow more than 20% this year while generating around $50 million of Free Cash Flow*.

Component   Full Year 2012 Guidance
   

Previous**

 

Current

Franchise Same-Store Sales   1.0% to 3.0%   1.0% to 1.5%
Company Same-Store Sales   0.0% to 2.0%   0.0% to 0.5%
New System Units   45 – 50

(includes 1 company-owned unit)

  46 – 48

(includes 1 company-owned unit)

Adjusted EBITDA*   $80M to $84M   $77M to $80M
Adjusted Income Before Taxes*   $45M to $49M   $45M to $48M
Interest Expense, net   $12.5M to $13.5M

(includes $10.5M to $11.5M of net cash interest expense)

  No Change
Cash Capital Expenditure   $15M to $16M   No Change
Cash Taxes   $3M to $4M   $2M to $2.5M
Free Cash Flow*   $51M to $55M   $49M to $52M

* Please refer to the historical reconciliation of net income to Adjusted Income Before Taxes, Adjusted EBITDA, and Free Cash Flow included in the tables below.

** As announced in First Quarter 2012 Earnings Release on April 30, 2012 and reiterated in Second Quarter 2012 Earnings Release on July 31, 2012.

Further Information

Denny’s will provide further commentary on the results for the third quarter of 2012 on its quarterly investor conference call today, Tuesday, October 30, 2012 at 5:00 p.m. ET. Interested parties are invited to listen to a live broadcast of the conference call accessible through the investor relations section of Denny’s website at ir.dennys.com. A replay of the call may be accessed at the same location later in the day and will remain available for 30 days.

Denny's is the franchisor and operator of one of America's largest full-service restaurant chains, based on number of units. As of September 26, 2012, Denny’s had 1,687 franchised, licensed, and company-owned restaurants across the United States, Canada, Costa Rica, Mexico, Honduras, Guam, Curaçao, Puerto Rico, Dominican Republic and New Zealand. For further information on Denny's, including news releases, links to SEC filings and other financial information, please visit the Denny's investor relations website.

The Company urges caution in considering its current trends and any outlook on earnings disclosed in this press release. In addition, certain matters discussed in this release may constitute forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements, which reflect our best judgment based on factors currently known, are intended to speak only as of the date such statements are made and involve risks, uncertainties, and other factors that may cause the actual performance of Denny’s Corporation, its subsidiaries and underlying restaurants to be materially different from the performance indicated or implied by such statements. Words such as “expects”, “anticipates”, “believes”, “intends”, “plans”, “hopes”, and variations of such words and similar expressions are intended to identify such forward-looking statements. Except as may be required by law, the Company expressly disclaims any obligation to update these forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date of this release or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events. Factors that could cause actual performance to differ materially from the performance indicated by these forward-looking statements include, among others: the competitive pressures from within the restaurant industry; the level of success of the Company’s strategic and operating initiatives, advertising and promotional efforts; adverse publicity; changes in business strategy or development plans; terms and availability of capital; regional weather conditions; overall changes in the general economy, particularly at the retail level; political environment (including acts of war and terrorism); and other factors from time to time set forth in the Company’s SEC reports and other filings, including but not limited to the discussion in Management’s Discussion and Analysis and the risks identified in Item 1A. Risk Factors contained in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 28, 2011 (and in the Company’s subsequent quarterly reports on Form 10-Q).

         
DENNY’S CORPORATION
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
(Unaudited)
         
    Quarter Ended
(In thousands, except per share amounts)     9/26/12     9/28/11
Revenue:        
Company restaurant sales   $ 86,575   $ 104,659
Franchise and license revenue     34,370     32,023
Total operating revenue     120,945     136,682
Costs of company restaurant sales     73,808     89,887
Costs of franchise and license revenue     12,078     10,747
General and administrative expenses     14,702     13,335
Depreciation and amortization     5,287     6,955
Operating (gains), losses and other charges, net     3,380     1,791
Total operating costs and expenses     109,255     122,715
Operating income     11,690     13,967
Other expenses:        
Interest expense, net     3,088     4,796
Other nonoperating expense, net     38     780
Total other expenses, net     3,126     5,576
Net income before income taxes     8,564     8,391
Provision for income taxes     3,201     406
Net income   $ 5,363   $ 7,985
         
         
Net income per share:        
Basic   $ 0.06   $ 0.08
Diluted   $ 0.06   $ 0.08
         
Weighted average shares outstanding:        
Basic     94,705     96,997
Diluted     96,745     98,746
         
Comprehensive income   $ 5,631   $ 7,985
         
DENNY’S CORPORATION
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
(Unaudited)
         
    Three Quarters Ended
(In thousands, except per share amounts)     9/26/12       9/28/11
Revenue:        
Company restaurant sales   $ 271,977     $ 313,235
Franchise and license revenue     100,437       95,105
Total operating revenue     372,414       408,340
Costs of company restaurant sales     231,506       271,989
Costs of franchise and license revenue     34,776       33,397
General and administrative expenses     45,150       41,566
Depreciation and amortization     17,174       21,377
Operating (gains), losses and other charges, net     (794 )     843
Total operating costs and expenses     327,812       369,172
Operating income     44,602       39,168
Other expenses:        
Interest expense, net     10,537       15,390
Other nonoperating expense, net     7,941       2,526
Total other expenses, net     18,478       17,916
Net income before income taxes     26,124       21,252
Provision for income taxes     10,295       1,013
Net income   $ 15,829     $ 20,239
         
         
Net income per share:        
Basic   $ 0.17     $ 0.21
Diluted   $ 0.16     $ 0.20
         
Weighted average shares outstanding:        
Basic     95,472       98,132
Diluted     97,196       100,203
         
Comprehensive income   $ 16,633     $ 20,239
 
DENNY’S CORPORATION
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Unaudited)
         
(In thousands)     9/26/12       12/28/11  
Assets        
Current assets        
Cash and cash equivalents   $ 24,148     $ 13,740  
Receivables, net     13,614       14,971  
Assets held for sale     1,582       2,351  
Current deferred tax asset     18,706       15,519  
Other     10,183       14,712  
      68,233       61,293  
Property, net     103,235       112,772  
Goodwill     30,402       30,764  
Intangible assets, net     49,208       50,921  
Noncurrent deferred tax asset     47,943       60,636  
Other assets     26,833       34,115  
Total assets   $ 325,854     $ 350,501  
         
Liabilities        
Current liabilities        
Current maturities of long-term debt   $ 9,781     $ 2,591  
Current maturities of capital lease obligations     4,264       4,380  
Accounts payable     17,604       25,935  
Other current liabilities     53,673       54,289  
      85,322       87,195  
Long-term liabilities        
Long-term debt, less current maturities     166,250       193,257  
Capital lease obligations, less current maturities     16,239       18,077  
Other     57,480       61,648  
      239,969       272,982  
Total liabilities     325,291       360,177  
         
Shareholders' equity        
Common stock     1,037       1,027  
Paid-in capital     561,665       557,396  
Deficit     (501,998 )     (517,827 )
Accumulated other comprehensive loss, net of tax     (24,009 )     (24,813 )
Treasury stock     (36,132 )     (25,459 )
Total shareholders' equity     563       (9,676 )
Total liabilities and shareholders' equity   $ 325,854     $ 350,501  
         
         
Debt Balances    
(In thousands)     9/26/12       12/28/11  
Credit facility term loan due 2017, net of discount of $0 and $2,251, respectively   $ 176,000     $ 195,749  
Capital leases and other debt     20,534       22,556  
Total debt   $ 196,534     $ 218,305  
                   
DENNY’S CORPORATION
Income, EBITDA, Free Cash Flow and G&A Reconciliations
(Unaudited)
                   
Income and EBITDA Reconciliation   Quarter Ended   Three Quarters Ended
(In thousands)     9/26/12       9/28/11       9/26/12       9/28/11  
Net income   $ 5,363     $ 7,985     $ 15,829     $ 20,239  
                   
Provision for (benefit from) income taxes     3,201       406       10,295       1,013  
Operating (gains), losses and other charges, net     3,380       1,791       (794 )     843  
Other nonoperating expense, net     38       780       7,941       2,526  
Share-based compensation     1,128       1,031       2,794       3,180  
                   
Adjusted Income Before Taxes (1)   $ 13,110     $ 11,993     $ 36,065     $ 27,801  
                   
Interest expense, net     3,088       4,796       10,537       15,390  
Depreciation and amortization     5,287       6,955       17,174       21,377  
Cash payments for restructuring charges and exit costs     (1,521 )     (633 )     (2,845 )     (2,086 )
Cash payments for share-based compensation     (294 )     (495 )     (649 )     (594 )
                   
Adjusted EBITDA (1)   $ 19,670     $ 22,616     $ 60,282     $ 61,888  
                   
Cash interest expense, net     (2,719 )     (4,027 )     (9,048 )     (13,112 )
Cash paid for income taxes, net     (500 )     (251 )     (1,865 )     (988 )
Cash paid for capital expenditures     (3,567 )     (4,073 )     (7,846 )     (12,927 )
                   
Free Cash Flow (1)   $ 12,884     $ 14,265     $ 41,523     $ 34,861  
                   
General and Administrative Expenses Reconciliation   Quarter Ended   Three Quarters Ended
(In thousands)     9/26/12       9/28/11       9/26/12       9/28/11  
Share-based compensation   $ 1,128     $ 1,031     $ 2,794     $ 3,180  
Other general and administrative expenses     13,574       12,304       42,356       38,386  
Total general and administrative expenses   $ 14,702     $ 13,335     $ 45,150     $ 41,566  
                   
                   
(1)     We believe that, in addition to other financial measures, Adjusted Income Before Taxes, Adjusted EBITDA and Free Cash Flow are appropriate indicators to assist in the evaluation of our operating performance on a period-to-period basis. We also use Adjusted Income, Adjusted EBITDA and Free Cash Flow internally as performance measures for planning purposes, including the preparation of annual operating budgets, and for compensation purposes, including bonuses for certain employees. Adjusted EBITDA is also used to evaluate our ability to service debt because the excluded charges do not have an impact on our prospective debt servicing capability and these adjustments are contemplated in our credit facility for the computation of our debt covenant ratios. Free Cash Flow, defined as Adjusted EBITDA less cash portion of interest expense net of interest income, capital expenditures, and cash taxes, is used to evaluate operating effectiveness and decisions regarding the allocation of resources. However, Adjusted Income, Adjusted EBITDA and Free Cash Flow should be considered as a supplement to, not a substitute for, operating income, net income or other financial performance measures prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.
 
DENNY’S CORPORATION
Operating Margins
(Unaudited)
                       
          Quarter Ended
(In thousands)   9/26/12     9/28/11  
Company restaurant operations: (2)                
  Company restaurant sales   $ 86,575   100.0 %   $ 104,659   100.0 %
  Costs of company restaurant sales:                
    Product costs     21,449   24.8 %     25,847   24.7 %
    Payroll and benefits     34,409   39.7 %     41,261   39.4 %
    Occupancy     5,780   6.7 %     6,928   6.6 %
    Other operating costs:                
      Utilities     3,760   4.3 %     4,762   4.6 %
      Repairs and maintenance     1,578   1.8 %     1,754   1.7 %
      Marketing     3,213   3.7 %     3,926   3.8 %
      Legal settlements     197   0.2 %     607   0.6 %
      Other     3,422   4.0 %     4,802   4.6 %
  Total costs of company restaurant sales   $ 73,808   85.3 %   $ 89,887   85.9 %
  Company restaurant operating margin (3)   $ 12,767   14.7 %   $ 14,772   14.1 %
                       
Franchise operations: (4)                
  Franchise and license revenue                
  Royalty and license revenue   $ 21,333   62.1 %   $ 20,449   63.9 %
  Initial and other fee revenue     728   2.1 %     437   1.3 %
  Occupancy revenue     12,309   35.8 %     11,137   34.8 %
  Total franchise and license revenue   $ 34,370   100.0 %   $ 32,023   100.0 %
                       
  Costs of franchise and license revenue                
  Occupancy costs   $ 9,027   26.2 %   $ 8,349   26.1 %
  Direct franchise costs     3,051   8.9 %     2,398   7.5 %
  Total costs of franchise and license revenue   $ 12,078   35.1 %   $ 10,747   33.6 %
  Franchise operating margin (3)   $ 22,292   64.9 %   $ 21,276   66.4 %
                       
Total operating revenue (1)   $ 120,945   100.0 %   $ 136,682   100.0 %
Total costs of operating revenue (1)     85,886   71.0 %     100,634   73.6 %
Total operating margin (1)(3)   $ 35,059   29.0 %   $ 36,048   26.4 %
                       
Other operating expenses: (1)(3)                
  General and administrative expenses   $ 14,702   12.2 %   $ 13,335   9.8 %
  Depreciation and amortization     5,287   4.4 %     6,955   5.1 %
  Operating gains, losses and other charges, net     3,380   2.8 %     1,791   1.3 %
  Total other operating expenses   $ 23,369   19.3 %   $ 22,081   16.2 %
                       
Operating income (1)   $ 11,690   9.7 %   $ 13,967   10.2 %
                       
(1)     As a percentage of total operating revenue
(2)     As a percentage of company restaurant sales
(3)     Other operating expenses such as general and administrative expenses and depreciation and amortization relate to both company and franchise operations and are not allocated to costs of company restaurant sales and costs of franchise and license revenue. As such, operating margin is considered a non-GAAP financial measure. Operating margins should be considered as a supplement to, not as a substitute for, operating income, net income or other financial measures prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.
(4)     As a percentage of franchise and license revenue
 
DENNY’S CORPORATION
Operating Margins
(Unaudited)
                       
          Three Quarters Ended
(In thousands)   9/26/12     9/28/11  
Company restaurant operations: (2)                
  Company restaurant sales   $ 271,977     100.0 %   $ 313,235   100.0 %
  Costs of company restaurant sales:                
    Product costs     67,684     24.9 %     77,095   24.6 %
    Payroll and benefits     108,779     40.0 %     127,876   40.8 %
    Occupancy     17,776     6.5 %     20,581   6.6 %
    Other operating costs:                
      Utilities     11,066     4.1 %     13,741   4.4 %
      Repairs and maintenance     4,901     1.8 %     5,485   1.8 %
      Marketing     10,138     3.7 %     11,738   3.7 %
      Legal settlements     366     0.1 %     671   0.2 %
      Other     10,796     4.0 %     14,802   4.7 %
  Total costs of company restaurant sales   $ 231,506     85.1 %   $ 271,989   86.8 %
  Company restaurant operating margin (3)   $ 40,471     14.9 %   $ 41,246   13.2 %
                       
Franchise operations: (4)                
  Franchise and license revenue                
  Royalty and license revenue   $ 62,734     62.5 %   $ 59,669   62.7 %
  Initial and other fee revenue     2,167     2.2 %     2,050   2.2 %
  Occupancy revenue     35,536     35.3 %     33,386   35.1 %
  Total franchise and license revenue   $ 100,437     100.0 %   $ 95,105   100.0 %
                       
  Costs of franchise and license revenue                
  Occupancy costs   $ 26,455     26.3 %   $ 25,567   26.9 %
  Direct franchise costs     8,321     8.3 %     7,830   8.2 %
  Total costs of franchise and license revenue   $ 34,776     34.6 %   $ 33,397   35.1 %
  Franchise operating margin (3)   $ 65,661     65.4 %   $ 61,708   64.9 %
                       
Total operating revenue (1)   $ 372,414     100.0 %   $ 408,340   100.0 %
Total costs of operating revenue (1)     266,282     71.5 %     305,386   74.8 %
Total operating margin (1)(3)   $ 106,132     28.5 %   $ 102,954   25.2 %
                       
Other operating expenses: (1)(3)                
  General and administrative expenses   $ 45,150     12.1 %   $ 41,566   10.2 %
  Depreciation and amortization     17,174     4.6 %     21,377   5.2 %
  Operating gains, losses and other charges, net     (794 )   (0.2 %)     843   0.2 %
  Total other operating expenses   $ 61,530     16.5 %   $ 63,786   15.6 %
                       
Operating income (1)   $ 44,602     12.0 %   $ 39,168   9.6 %
                       
(1)     As a percentage of total operating revenue
(2)     As a percentage of company restaurant sales
(3)     Other operating expenses such as general and administrative expenses and depreciation and amortization relate to both company and franchise operations and are not allocated to costs of company restaurant sales and costs of franchise and license revenue. As such, operating margin is considered a non-GAAP financial measure. Operating margins should be considered as a supplement to, not as a substitute for, operating income, net income or other financial measures prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.
(4)     As a percentage of franchise and license revenue
 
DENNY’S CORPORATION
Statistical Data
(Unaudited)
                 
Same-Store Sales   Quarter Ended   Three Quarters Ended
(increase/(decrease) vs. prior year)   9/26/12   9/28/11   9/26/12   9/28/11
Company Restaurants     (0.5 %)     1.1 %     0.1 %     0.7 %
Franchised Restaurants     0.6 %     0.8 %     1.4 %     0.3 %
System-wide Restaurants     0.4 %     0.9 %     1.1 %     0.4 %
                 
Company Restaurant Sales Detail                
Guest Check Average     1.8 %     1.3 %     1.9 %     0.8 %
Guest Counts     (2.2 %)     (0.2 %)     (1.8 %)     0.0 %
                 
                 
Average Unit Sales   Quarter Ended   Three Quarters Ended
(In thousands)   9/26/12   9/28/11   9/26/12   9/28/11
Company Restaurants   $ 493     $ 468     $ 1,447     $ 1,383  
Franchised Restaurants   $ 358     $ 355     $ 1,061     $ 1,043  
                 
        Franchised        
Restaurant Unit Activity   Company   & Licensed   Total    
Ending Units 6/27/12     177       1,507       1,684      
Units Opened     0       12       12      
Units Refranchised     (5 )     5       0      
Units Closed     (1 )     (8 )     (9 )    
Net Change     (6 )     9       3      
Ending Units 9/26/12     171       1,516       1,687      
                 
Equivalent Units                
Third Quarter 2012     175       1,511       1,686      
Third Quarter 2011     224       1,451       1,675      
      (49 )     60       11      
                 
                 
        Franchised        
Restaurant Unit Activity   Company   & Licensed   Total    
Ending Units 12/28/11     206       1,479       1,685      
Units Opened     0       27       27      
Units Refranchised     (28 )     28       0      
Units Closed     (7 )     (18 )     (25 )    
Net Change     (35 )     37       2      
Ending Units 9/26/12     171       1,516       1,687      
                 
Equivalent Units                
Year-to-Date 2012     188       1,495       1,683      
Year-to-Date 2011     226       1,441       1,667      
      (38 )     54       16      

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